從維多利亞時代到維多利亞的秘密(上)

It was the best of times, it was the worst of times,
it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness,
it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity,
it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness,
it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair,
we had everything before us, we had nothing before us,
we were all going direct to Heaven,
we were all going direct the other way
– in short, the period was so far like the present period,
that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received,
for good or for evil,
in the superlative degree of comparison only.
Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities

Political economy confuses on principle
two very different kinds of private property,
of which one rests on the producers’ own labor,
the other on the employment of the labor of others.
It forgets that the latter
not only is the direct antithesis of the former,
but absolutely grows on its tomb only.

Karl Marx, Capital

維多利亞時代(Victorian era)一詞源自於英國維多利亞女王(Queen Victoria, 1819-1901)之名。她統治英國長達六十四年半之久(1837-1901),此時期大致與英國工業革命、大英帝國、以及歐洲三者的全盛時期相符。

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「大中至正」考、後記

最近看到黨國遺老遺少們竭力護衛那個據說是個「古蹟」上的「大中至正」四字,覺得實在有趣。

趣味之一來自手書那四個字的楊老先生的這段回憶:

專擅歐陽詢體及魏碑龍門二十品的楊家麟說,要寫「大中至正」四字,是由秦孝儀定下的,出處是王陽明的傳習錄,「粹然大中至正之歸矣。」

當時好多書法家都要來寫,先宣布要寫歐陽體,就走了一批人,後來說不能署名,又走了一批人,最後說,配合八卦時辰,得當場就寫,只剩下三個人,就是我和故宮前副院長江兆申及書法家丁翼。」楊家麟回憶道。(《聯合報》,2007/12/04)

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林火旺「軼事」

世上不只一人名喚林火旺,本文所指的是現任台大哲學系教授的那一位。至於「軼事」,乃其親自筆述所提及。既然是當事人自己將之形諸文字,已難以盡謂之「軼」。這是加上括號的原因之一。另項原因則是:此「事」讓我覺得難以置信。

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如果警總復活


Drancy internment camp (France)
created by the Vichy government
in 1941.
Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Those who cannot remember the past
are condemned to repeat it.
George Santayana

解嚴滿二十年前夕,有人說,與其講過去的事不如拼經濟,有人說,檢討過去沒出息。依照這些人的想法,歷史書、歷史課、歷史系就可以全廢掉了。

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台灣民眾黨成立二十週年的那一天


若林正丈著
Photo: 博客來

台灣民眾黨成立於1927年7月10日,台灣總督府於1931年2月18日下令解散之。民眾黨雖是台灣人所組的第一個合法政黨,但其建黨滿十週年的日子只是徒令人欷噓。一方面,反殖民運動本身不但被官方打壓,而且內部亦經數度分裂;另一方面,由於蘆溝橋事變在三天前發生,台灣開始進入戰時體制時期,自此至終戰,反對運動只能沈寂。

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