Lucian of Samosata says that a good historian should “call a fig a fig, and a trough a trough” (τὰ σῦκα σῦκα, τὴν σκάφην δὲ σκάφην ὀνομάσων). This expression prefigures some idioms of modern European languages, as “call a spade a spade” (English), “appeler un chat un chat” (French), or “llamar al pan, pan y al vino, vino” (Spanish). Living languages convey living traditions. In the modern Olympic games of the last three decades, people call Taiwan “Chinese Taipei”.
What we demand in this war, therefore, is nothing peculiar to ourselves. It is that the world be made fit and safe to live in; and particularly that it be made safe for every peace-loving nation which, like our own, wishes to live its own life, determine its own institutions, be assured of justice and fair dealing by the other peoples of the world, as against force and selfish aggression.
Hardly a state offers such developed rights of codetermination to its citizens. The long democratic tradition, the comparatively small size of the country and its population, a high literacy rate and various media offers are decisive for the functioning of this special form of government.
Federal Chancellery, Switzerland
Using recent interview data from 6000 residents of Switzerland, we show that individuals are ceteris paribus happier, the better developed the institutions of direct democracy are in their area of residence.
The Purposes of the United Nations are […] to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace […]